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Ecuador


History of Jewish immigration

Some few families of origin "Sephardic marranos " stood at the south end of the eighteenth century, and some of them in the capital of Quito and its main port.

The Jewish Community of Quito was founded in 1938, when an increasing number of European Jews began arriving in Ecuador before the start of the Second World War.

During and following the war years the community had about 5,000 members. There was a new wave of immigration to Argentina and Chile in the seventies.

Currently, has about 600 people very activists.
The community has decreased their numbers because there is almost no further immigration and college-age young people leave the country to study abroad and don´t return to the country. Most settled in the United States and Israel.

The community has the Alberto Einstein School, who despite being an independent school, was sponsored by the Jewish Community .

The new community center was built and completed in 2000 and has one of the most beautiful synagogues in America.

A little about the country

Ecuador is a country of America, that has an area of ​​283,561 km ² approximate.
There are more than 14 million people (by census 2010).

The spanish language coexists with several indigenous languages ​​(Quechua, Shuar , the Tsafiqui ) recognized as co-official in special courts by the Ecuadorian State .

Ecuador is listed as the largest exporter of bananas in the world and one of the leading exporters of flowers, shrimp (prawns) and cocoa.

Politically, it is a democratic, participatory and unitary republic.
The administrative division of the country, in the geographical sense is divided 4 natural regions, while in the political field is composed of 24 provinces.
The seat of government and capital city of Quito, while the financial and commercial center and main seaport is the city of Guayaquil.

In Ecuador there are 70 volcanoes, being Chimborazo, the highest volcano.