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Curazao


History of Jewish immigration

In 1651 Joao dYlln requested the Company of the West Indies Netherlands the possibility of establishing a company to colonize CuraƧao. Joao was a good and prosperous member of the Portuguese synagogue in Amsterdam and had a brother who was a colonel in the Dutch colonial army.
The aim of the company was the preservation and development of their power in the distant Caribbean island. Both the boss and his group, all from Amsterdam, (at that time a center of flourishing Jewish life and culture) left for CuraƧao in the summer of 1651 and founded the Congregation Mikveh Israel (Expectancy Israel) the oldest Jewish congregation in the Americas.

In 1659, a further 70 Portuguese Sephardic ancestry departed for CuraƧao, carrying the first Sefer Torah. It also acquired the "Beit Haim Blenheim" Mikveh Israel Cemetery Congregation , considered by many to be the oldest Jewish cemetery in the Western Hemisphere, and established in 2001 as a historic site.

The Jewish community of Curacao Netherlands Antilles became very successful in the areas of trade and shipping.

In 1732 the historic Mikve Israel was built. With the merging of Temple Emanuel in 1964, name of synagogue changed into: Mikve Israel-Emanuel.

The first Eastern European Ashkenazi Jews families arrived in 1920.

Although small in size, CuraƧaos Jewish community has a significant impact on history.
There are currently around 300 Jews with an active community life, being part of two Jewish congregations in Curazao:
* 75 % attending Mikve Israel,
* 25% Shaarei Tsedek , a modern Orthodox community.

A little about the country

CuraƧao is the largest and most populous island of the Netherlands Antilles.

It has an area of ā€‹ā€‹approximately 444 km and a population of 140,796 (2008).
It is located in the southern Caribbean Sea, about 50 km from the west coast of Venezuela.
Like most of the Caribbean islands, CuraƧao is located in the intertropical zone and its climate is semiarid.

CuraƧao is located in the non-hurricane belt.

It is famous for the "CuraƧao Liqueur" that is made from the bark of the oranges of the island, and for celebrating one of the most famous Carnivals in the Caribbean.

The city of Willemstad is the main port and capital of the island, in addition to also be of the Netherlands Antilles.
Its historical area, city center and harbor, were declared World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1997.

It has two official languagesā€‹ā€‹, Dutch and Papiamento.