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Argentina


History of Jewish immigration

Jews who fled the Inquisition settled in Argentina but assimilated into society "non- Jewish".
During colonial times the permanence of persons of Jewish faith was banned. Nevertheless, many of the Portuguese traders were Sephardic Jews.
After 1810 Jews especially from France and other parts of Western Europe began to settle in Argentina.
In 1853, began the existence of Argentine Jewish community.
In 1862 the current Israeli Congregation of Argentina was created.
In 1876 the Argentine government authorized the exercise of other religions.
By the late nineteenth, and early twentieth century, many Ashkenazi Jews arrived in the country from Eastern Europe, fleeing persecution and pogroms. Several of them founded the colony Moisesville in the province of Santa Fe, one of the most important jewish colonization in Argentine.
 
Between 1885-1889 a total of 2,385 Jews arrived in the country aboard the ship Weser, because of the increasing threats of expulsion of the Jews from the Russian areas.
In 1888 was published in Buenos Aires the first newspaper written in Hebrew characters, with the name of the Phonograph Hebraic .
Then in 1889 came from Germany about 1,200 immigrants, once again aboard the Weser and Bremer from Ukraine.

In 1890 , Argentina launched his immigration plan, which resulted that from 1891-1896 into the country some 20,121 Jews from Russia and Romania, settling, mostly in Buenos Aires, Entre Rios and Santa Fe.

In 1891 , steam Pampa rented by Baron Hirsch took 817 Jewish immigrants from Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Bessarabia. This migration gave rise to colonies of Carlos Casares and Entre Rios.
In the early twentieth century , the Province of Entre Rios grew to about 170 Jewish settlements .

The September 27, 1897 the cornerstone of the current Jewish Synagogue Congregation Argentina was placed in 785 Liberty Street , in Buenos Aires.
Between 1906 and 1912 , Jewish immigration increased very fast, with most of Eastern Europe, also of Morocco and the Ottoman Empire. Jewish immigrants in Argentina quickly adapted and came to play an important role in society Argentina .
In 1920, about 150,000 Jews lived in Argentina .
Since 1928, waves of Jewish immigrants came from Germany and the rest of occupied Europe, receiving around 45,000 European Jews.
In the early fifties Jewish immigration began to decline, while the country established relations with the State of Israel.
During the nineties, the Jewish community has undergone two major terrorist attacks, which remain unresolved.

Currently, about 244,000 Jews live in Argentina , 80% of the Jewish community living in the federal capital and the rest in the great Buenos Aires and major cities of the country as well as in agricultural colonies in the provinces of Entre Rios and Santa Fe founded to house immigrants, of which the most important are now Basavilbaso Moisesville, Villa Domínguez and Villa Clara.

In Buenos Aires, there are neighborhoods characterized by their number of Jewish population, like Balvanera "once" , Villa Crespo , Belgrano, among others. In several of these , there are also several Jewish synagogues and Jewish institutions.

A little about the country

Argentina is a sovereign state, organized as a representative and federal republic.
Its territory is divided into 23 provinces and an autonomous city, Buenos Aires, the nation's capital and seat of the federal government.
It has an area of 2,780,400 km ² and a population of 40 million.
The official language is Spanish and the climate is temperate.